icon-Determinante Calculator to calculate the determinant of a 4x4 matrix

Rules

Calculator

Laplace Expansion Theorem

The Laplace expansion theorem provides a method for calculating the determinant, wherein the determinant is developed according to a row or column. The dimension is reduced and can be gradually reduced more and more up to the scalar.

Example of the Laplace expansion according to the first row on a 3x3 Matrix.

det A= a11a12a13 a21a22a23 a31a32a33

The first element is given by the factor a11 and the sub-determinant consisting of the elements with green background.

a11a12a13 a21a22a23 a31a32a33 => a11 a22a23 a32a33

The second element is given by the factor a12 and the sub-determinant consisting of the elements with green background.

a11a12a13 a21a22a23 a31a32a33 => a12 a21a23 a31a33

The third element is given by the factor a13 and the sub-determinant consisting of the elements with green background.

a11a12a13 a21a22a23 a31a32a33 => a13 a21a22 a31a32

With the three elements the determinant can be written as a sum of 2x2 determinants.

det A= a11a12a13 a21a22a23 a31a32a33

= a11 a22a23 a32a33

- a12 a21a23 a31a33

+ a13 a21a22 a31a32

It is important to consider that the sign of the elements alternate in the following manner.

+-+ -+- +-+

Gauss Method

With the Gauss method, the determinant is so transformed that the elements of the lower triangle matrix become zero. To do this, you use the row-factor rules and the addition of rows. The addition of rows does not change the value of the determinate. Factors of a row must be considered as multipliers before the determinat. If the determinat is triangular and the main diagonal elements are equal to one, the factor before the determinant corresponds to the value of the determinant itself.

Online Calculator for Determinant 4x4

The online calculator calculates the value of the determinant of a 4x4 matrix with the Laplace expansion in a row or column and the gaussian algorithm.

Determinant 4x4

det A= a11a12a13a14a15 a21a22a23a24a25 a31a32a33a34a35 a41a42a43a44a45 a51a52a53a54a55

Enter the coefficients

a11= a12= a13= a14= a15=

a21= a22= a23= a24= a25=

a31= a32= a33= a34= a35=

a41= a42= a43= a44= a45=

a51= a52= a53= a54= a55=

Calculating the determinant value with Laplace expansion

Calculation with the Gaussian Algorithm

Note

If leading coefficients zero then should be columns or rows are swapped accordingly so that a divison by the leading coefficient is possible. The value of the determinant is correct if, after the transformations the lower triangular matrix is zero, and the elements of the main diagonal are all equal to 1.